Pecos NHP

About this Location

When submitting eBird observations at Pecos National Historical Park, it is most helpful to start a new checklist for each hotspot within the park. Use this general hotspot when you have a checklist that includes multiple locations or if no other hotspot or personal location is appropriate for your sightings.

About Pecos National Historical Park

See all hotspots at Pecos National Historical Park

Between the towering Sangre de Cristo mountains and the flat-topped Glorieta mesa lies the Glorieta Pass, through which a continuously unfolding story of human culture has traveled to and from the Pecos Valley for thousands of years.

Cicuye, later Pecos, became known as one of the most powerful of the northern New Mexico pueblos. Why? Location, location, location. For one thing, it was at a higher elevation, 7,000 feet, where the growing season was shorter but the position more defensive. The Great Plains lay to the east of Glorieta Pass, while to the west there is the Rio Grande Valley and the Colorado Plateau, which in turn led to the Gulf of California, Old Mexico, and lands beyond. Whoever controlled the pass controlled the migration and trade routes of a vast region.

Pueblo and Plains Indians, Spanish conquerors and missionaries, Mexican and Anglo armies, Santa Fe Trail settlers, and adventurers, tourists on the railroad, US-66, and I-25…the Pecos Valley has long been a backdrop that invites contemplation about where our civilization comes from and where it is going.

While Pecos National Historical Park is known for its rich history, it also has a diverse set of wildlife that call the park home. The park encompasses over 6,500 acres of forests, grasslands, rivers, and streams within its borders. This allows a number of species of mammals, birds, reptiles, and fish to roam freely in and around the park.

Pecos is along the migratory route for some species of birds which makes it a popular spot for birding. Birds such as the mountain bluebird and Steller’s jay are common sights along the Ancestral Sites Trail. Sometimes, if you look towards the river, you may catch a glimpse of a bald eagle flying overhead, trying to catch dinner from the Pecos River.

Notable Trails

The AllTrails website has descriptions and maps of hikes at Pecos National Historical Park.


  • Restrooms on site

  • Entrance fee

Content from Pecos National Historical Park Official Website

Last updated August 8, 2023