Black Creek WMA

Black Creek WMA

Saint Albans City, Vermont 05478

Black Creek Wildlife Management Area guide and map

Birds of Interest

Black Creek Wildlife Management Area offers excellent birding for wetland species. Ducks that may be found during the breeding season are mallard, black and wood ducks, hooded mergansers, and green-winged teals. Great blue and green-backed herons can be seen wading in the shallows. The rare black tern is an occasional visitor. American and least bitterns, soras, and Virginia rails may hide in the cattails. Surrounding the marsh, and feeding on invertebrates flying over it, are songbirds such as eastern kingbirds, tree swallows, and Baltimore orioles. Kingfishers may be seen diving for fish. During migration in spring and fall, many other species of water and marsh birds may be observed.

About this Location

Black Creek Wildlife Management Area (WMA) is located in northwest Vermont adjacent to Lake Champlain in the town of Saint Albans. Black Creek is formed by the confluence of Jewett and Stevens Brooks and drains into Lake Champlain just west of Saint Albans Bay State Park. There is a pull-off on the north side of VT-36 where a canoe or small boat may be launched. The marsh extends north from the road. Access is primarily by boat. The State of Vermont owns 211 acres of this cattail-dominated emergent wetland. The WMA is managed by the Vermont Fish and Wildlife Department.

Jewett and Stevens Brooks drain a low-lying basin in the Champlain Valley, combining near the lake to form Black Creek. Black Creek Marsh is surrounded by farmlands, with a small wooded buffer on the west side. Water levels coincide with Lake Champlain levels.

The WMA is comprised almost exclusively of cattail marsh, with just a small segment of upland on the northwest side. As one travels north, the single channel splits into two. Riparian trees, such as silver maple and black willow, line the banks on the west side.


  • Restrooms on site

  • Wheelchair accessible trail

  • Entrance fee

Content from Black Creek Wildlife Management Area guide and map

Last updated December 3, 2023