Great Bay Farm, Greenland

Great Bay Farm, Greenland

176 Newington Road Greenland, New Hampshire 03840

Tips for Birding

There are tips for birding on the A Birder’s Guide to New Hampshire webpage.

About this Location

Great Bay Farm is a historic family-owned farm that has been operating since 1899. The farm produces dairy and beef products from its herd of cows, as well as eggs and lamb. The farm is located near the scenic Great Bay, a large tidal estuary that supports diverse wildlife and habitats. Great Bay Farm is one of the few remaining working dairy farms in the Seacoast region, and it is committed to preserving its land and heritage for future generations.

About Great Bay

See all hotspots at Great Bay

Great Bay is a tidal estuary located in Strafford and Rockingham counties in eastern New Hampshire, United States. The bay occupies over 6,000 acres, not including its several tidal river tributaries. Its outlet is at Hilton Point in Dover, New Hampshire, where waters from the bay flow into the Piscataqua River, thence proceeding southeast to the Atlantic Ocean near Portsmouth. The northern end of the bay, near its outlet, is referred to as Little Bay.

Located within the Gulf of Maine watershed, the Great Bay Estuary is a drowned river valley composed of high-energy tidal waters, deep channels, and fringing mudflats. The entire estuary extends inland from the mouth of the Piscataqua River between Kittery, Maine, and New Castle, New Hampshire through Little Bay into Great Bay proper at Furber Strait, a distance of 12 miles. The Great Bay Estuary is a tidally-dominated system and is the drainage confluence of three major rivers, the Lamprey, Squamscott, and Winnicut. Four additional rivers flow into the system between Furber Strait and the open coast: the Cocheco, Salmon Falls, Bellamy, and Oyster rivers.

The Piscataqua River is an ocean-dominated system extending from the Gulf of Maine at Portsmouth Harbor and forming the border of New Hampshire and Maine to the fork of its tributaries, the Salmon Falls and Cocheco rivers. These rivers, several small creeks, and their tributaries and ocean water from the Gulf of Maine create the Great Bay estuarine hydro system. The tidal range is dramatic within Great Bay. The average depth of the embayment is 8.9 feet with channels extending to 58 feet. The water surface of Great Bay covers 8.9 square miles at high tide and 4.2 square miles at low tide, leaving greater than 50% of the bay exposed at low tide.

The Great Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve occupies several portions of the bay’s shoreline and protects numerous land and water areas around the estuary, including salt marshes, rocky shores, bluffs, woodlands, open fields, and riverine systems and tidal waters.


  • Restrooms on site

  • Wheelchair accessible trail

  • Entrance fee

Content from Wikipedia

Last updated October 23, 2023